Trivia Crack Answer: Renaissance
About 14th-century art and science
The Renaissance was an artistic and scientific movement originating in Italy in the 14th century. “Renaissance” is a term meaning “rebirth,” referring to the rediscovery and flourishing of the works of antiquity, especially the Greeks and Romans. The rebirth of Classical art and science in 14th-century Italy marked the end of the Medieval period, which was derided as a time of ignorance, superstition, and the darkness of the human spirit. The 14th-century Italian Francesco Petrarca, often called Petrarch, was a key figure in crafting the artistic and scientific movements that came out of the Renaissance, especially with the concept of “humanism,” which refocused thought around the human condition and spirit, as opposed to the nature of God, sin, and the Bible. Italian art and science, swept up in the works of the Greeks and Romans, would become dictated by classical ideas about beauty, aesthetics, logic, inquiry, reason, and morality. The ideas of 14th-century Italy would later spread across Europe, influencing Western civilization for centuries to come. The Renaissance would produce some of the West’s greatest artists, including Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Donatello, and Raphael, and bring the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle back into the universities. To some degree, universities were built around the study of Renaissance art and science.